Lathe Machine Working, Parts, Price, Type And ALL Operation of Lathe Machine

lathe machine
A machine use to provided the desired shape of solid materiel , material may be iron, steel, mild steel , all type of iron alloy copper and all type of metal and also for wood. there are many type of Operation use for machining like as facing, turning, drilling, boring etc.
In lathe machine, use the force with rotation motion to remove the material as per design.
wood lathe

 Lathe Machine Working

The function of the lathe is to remove the metal from the work piece and give it the desired shape and size. In a lathe machine, the workpiece rotates against the tool. The tool is used to remove material from the workpiece. The direction of motion of the equipment is called a feed.
lathe threading

Type of Lathe Machine

  1. DNC Lathe Machine
  2. CNC Lathe Machine
  3. VMC Lathe Machine 
  4. Manual Lathe Machine  

Manual Lathe Machine

In manual Lathe machine no command need to Operate, direct feed provided by manual.A manual lathe is a type of machine tool that rotates the workpiece about an axis against the edge of a cutting tool. The workpiece created has symmetry about the axis of rotation. ... The workpiece is usually held about the axis of rotation using a chuck or collet.

DNC Lathe Machine

Direct numeric control lathe machine, is semi-automatic lathe machine where numeric programing operate by manual. eg if you want to two process respectively like as drill after facing so in DNC lathe need to command two times. 

CNC Lathe Machine
CNC Working principle

Computer numeric control lathe machine, is automatic lathe mahcine where need to opreate one time command for many type of process on workpieces.CNC lathe is  use for 2D machining operation.

VMC Lathe Machine 

Vertical nacining center lathe is advance CNC lathe machine its 3D commanding lathe.

Capstan Lathe Machine 
capstan lathe

The Captain Lathe machine is generally preferred for light duty operations. The turret head is located on its ram which creates sliding movement. A number of operations can be performed such as turning, drilling, grooving, threading, boring, etc. with the help of capester lathe machine. Thus making it a versatile piece of equipment. The machines are suitable for batch production of small components and secondary operations requiring turning, drilling, grooving, threading, boring, recessing, forming, etc. with a semi-skilled operator. Best suited for sanitation tasks.

Turret  Lathe Machine
turret lathe

The turret lathe machine is capable of handling workpieces for a long time as it allows for saddle movement along the bed. This application finds where duplication of parts is required. A special feature of a turret lathe machine is that it has the ability to hold multiple devices at a time and thus reduces the work force to save time in machine operation.The machines are suitable for batch production of small components and secondary operations requiring turning, drilling, grooving, threading, boring, recessing, forming, etc. with a semi-skilled operator. Best suited for sanitation tasks.

The turret lathe is a heavy weight machine that can be used for long workpieces due to saddle movement along the bed. Due to the rigid construction of the machine, heavy cuts can be made on the machine. The turret lathe helps reduce manpower saving a lot of time. Therefore a lathe machine is a metalworking lathe that has a turret and can perform various tasks in an automated manner.

 Lathe Machine Parts

lathe machine part

1. Headstock 
lathe headstock

The headstock is clamped on left-hand end of bed. It houses the
  1. spindle
  2. speed change mechanism, and
  3. change gears.

Headstock spindle

The headstock must be strong. Otherwise the cutting forces involved may distort it, which in turn induces harmonic vibrations. These vibrations will be transferred to the workpiece and the quality of the finished workpiece will be reduced. Hollow cylindrical shaft

The main axis is hollow for long bars to extend through the work area. It is supported by precision bearings and fitted with a chuck or faceplate to hold the workpiece. A taper is often included at the end of the spindle. This allows hollow tubular (Morse standard) tapers to be inserted, reducing the size of the taped holes and allowing the use of centers. 

Driving work-holding devices

On machines manufactured during the 1950s, the spindle was driven directly by a flat belt pulley. Bull gears are used to reduce spindle speed. Modern lathes use gear boxes. The appropriate speed is selected through the gearbox. 

 Lathe Tailstock 

lathe tailstock
Tailstock was once known in England as "loose stock", "peoppet head", or "loose head" - the latter's old-fashioned term used by Harrison and other English firms in some of their advertising literature until the early 1970s. Was being done The unit is arranged to slide along the bed and can be closed at any vantage point; The upper part of the unit is called the "barrel", "spindle" "ram" or "shoot", which can be moved in and out of the main casting by hand, lever, or screw feed dead center "placed in the headstock. Supports other end of work (by various means).
Special centers, which rotate with the work, can be used in the tailstock; These are known as "rotating centers" and should not be referred to as "live centers" - the term is reserved for a center carried in a headstock spindle.
Long ago the centers were referred to by Turner as "poppets" - presumably from "pop it in" - and they did themselves with them, securing them in cotton waste and jealously clad in the top pockets of their overalls .

  Lathe Machine Bed 

The lathe bed provides the foundation for the entire machine and keeps the headstock, tailstock and carriage in alignment. The bed surfaces are finely molded - and on which the carriage and the tailstock slide - are known as "ways".
Some beds have a gap near the headstock from which extra-large diameters can be turned. Sometimes the gap is made by mechanistic methods preventing headstock depletion, sometimes by a piece of bed, which can be removed, removed - and lost.
Some very large sticks have a "sliding bed", where the upper part, on which the carriage and the tailstock sit, can be slide along a separate lower part - and therefore make the gap equally large or small.

Lathe Machine SADDLE

The casting that fits above the bed and slides along it is almost universal, known as "saddle" - a self-explanatory and very appropriate term. 

Lathe Machine Operation 

lathe operation

1. Facing 

This is usually the first step of operating any lathe on a lathe machine. The metal is cut from the end so that it can fit at right angles to the axis and remove the mark.

2. Turning 

This operation is adopted in order to cut the metal parallel to the axis. Parallel turning is done to decrease the diameter of the metal.

3. Threading 

Thread Cutting on a lathe is a process that creates a helical ridge of a similar section on the workpiece. This is performed by making gradual cuts with the threading toolbit the same size as the thread form required.

4. Drilling 

The tailstock of a lathe can be used for drilling with the help of drill chuck attachment. The drill chuck has a Morse taper shaft that can be pushed into the shaft of the tailstock, locking it in position. The common starting point for drilling with a center lathe is to use a countersink bit.

5. Boring 

Lathe boring is a cutting operation that uses a single-point cutting tool or boring head to create conical or cylindrical surfaces by extending the existing opening in a workpiece. For nontapered holes, the cutting tool moves parallel to the axis of rotation. 

6. Knurling 

Knurling is a process of influencing the shape or straight line pattern of diamonds in the surface of a workpiece using specially shaped rigid metal wheels to improve its appearance and provide a better gripping surface.

7. Grooving

Groove cutting on CNC latches is a multi step machining operation. The term grooving is usually applied to the process of forming a narrow cavity of a certain depth on the face of a cylinder, cone or part. The size of the groove, or at least a significant portion of it, will be the size of the cutting tool.   

Lathe Machine Price  
lathe machine price

lathe machine price depand on length of bed and feature of lathe machine


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